BREED INFORMATION

British Shorthair

Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • ...
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Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • Placid, no-nonsense nature.

  • Very hardy, healthy breed.

History:

Breed was originally introduced to England by the Romans.  When Rome fell and trade with Britain ceased, cats on the British Isles bred within a limited gene pool, resulting in cats with unique characteristics.  The breed almost became extinct during World War II, but outcrossing with Persians helped to re-establish the breed.  Considered a rare cat in the United States until 1980 when they were recognized for championship by the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA).

Body Type:
  • Medium- to large-sized, well-balanced cat with a broad chest and powerful body.

  • Head is round with full cheeks and medium-sized, round-tipped ears.

  • Eyes are large, round, and correspond to coat color.

Coat:
  • Coat is short, dense, and plush.

  • Eighteen colors are available including white, black, cream, black smoke, blue smoke, tabby patterns, tortoiseshell, calico, blue-cream and bi-color.

Health and Wellness:
  • Genetically linked physical problems have not been reported.

What you should know:
  • Dislike being picked up unless body and all four feet are well supported.

  • Since blue is the most popular color, there may be a waiting period before a kitten of this color is available.

  • Choose a kitten from a reputable breeder who has raised your kitten under foot (not in a cage) to ensure your pet will be easy to handle and people-oriented.

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Brittany

Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • ...
read more
Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • Placid, no-nonsense nature.

  • Very hardy, healthy breed.

History:

Breed was originally introduced to England by the Romans.  When Rome fell and trade with Britain ceased, cats on the British Isles bred within a limited gene pool, resulting in cats with unique characteristics.  The breed almost became extinct during World War II, but outcrossing with Persians helped to re-establish the breed.  Considered a rare cat in the United States until 1980 when they were recognized for championship by the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA).

Body Type:
  • Medium- to large-sized, well-balanced cat with a broad chest and powerful body.

  • Head is round with full cheeks and medium-sized, round-tipped ears.

  • Eyes are large, round, and correspond to coat color.

Coat:
  • Coat is short, dense, and plush.

  • Eighteen colors are available including white, black, cream, black smoke, blue smoke, tabby patterns, tortoiseshell, calico, blue-cream and bi-color.

Health and Wellness:
  • Genetically linked physical problems have not been reported.

What you should know:
  • Dislike being picked up unless body and all four feet are well supported.

  • Since blue is the most popular color, there may be a waiting period before a kitten of this color is available.

  • Choose a kitten from a reputable breeder who has raised your kitten under foot (not in a cage) to ensure your pet will be easy to handle and people-oriented.

read less

Brussels Griffon

Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • ...
read more
Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • Placid, no-nonsense nature.

  • Very hardy, healthy breed.

History:

Breed was originally introduced to England by the Romans.  When Rome fell and trade with Britain ceased, cats on the British Isles bred within a limited gene pool, resulting in cats with unique characteristics.  The breed almost became extinct during World War II, but outcrossing with Persians helped to re-establish the breed.  Considered a rare cat in the United States until 1980 when they were recognized for championship by the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA).

Body Type:
  • Medium- to large-sized, well-balanced cat with a broad chest and powerful body.

  • Head is round with full cheeks and medium-sized, round-tipped ears.

  • Eyes are large, round, and correspond to coat color.

Coat:
  • Coat is short, dense, and plush.

  • Eighteen colors are available including white, black, cream, black smoke, blue smoke, tabby patterns, tortoiseshell, calico, blue-cream and bi-color.

Health and Wellness:
  • Genetically linked physical problems have not been reported.

What you should know:
  • Dislike being picked up unless body and all four feet are well supported.

  • Since blue is the most popular color, there may be a waiting period before a kitten of this color is available.

  • Choose a kitten from a reputable breeder who has raised your kitten under foot (not in a cage) to ensure your pet will be easy to handle and people-oriented.

read less

Bull Terrier (Colored)

Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • ...
read more
Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • Placid, no-nonsense nature.

  • Very hardy, healthy breed.

History:

Breed was originally introduced to England by the Romans.  When Rome fell and trade with Britain ceased, cats on the British Isles bred within a limited gene pool, resulting in cats with unique characteristics.  The breed almost became extinct during World War II, but outcrossing with Persians helped to re-establish the breed.  Considered a rare cat in the United States until 1980 when they were recognized for championship by the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA).

Body Type:
  • Medium- to large-sized, well-balanced cat with a broad chest and powerful body.

  • Head is round with full cheeks and medium-sized, round-tipped ears.

  • Eyes are large, round, and correspond to coat color.

Coat:
  • Coat is short, dense, and plush.

  • Eighteen colors are available including white, black, cream, black smoke, blue smoke, tabby patterns, tortoiseshell, calico, blue-cream and bi-color.

Health and Wellness:
  • Genetically linked physical problems have not been reported.

What you should know:
  • Dislike being picked up unless body and all four feet are well supported.

  • Since blue is the most popular color, there may be a waiting period before a kitten of this color is available.

  • Choose a kitten from a reputable breeder who has raised your kitten under foot (not in a cage) to ensure your pet will be easy to handle and people-oriented.

read less

Bull Terrier (White)

Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • ...
read more
Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • Placid, no-nonsense nature.

  • Very hardy, healthy breed.

History:

Breed was originally introduced to England by the Romans.  When Rome fell and trade with Britain ceased, cats on the British Isles bred within a limited gene pool, resulting in cats with unique characteristics.  The breed almost became extinct during World War II, but outcrossing with Persians helped to re-establish the breed.  Considered a rare cat in the United States until 1980 when they were recognized for championship by the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA).

Body Type:
  • Medium- to large-sized, well-balanced cat with a broad chest and powerful body.

  • Head is round with full cheeks and medium-sized, round-tipped ears.

  • Eyes are large, round, and correspond to coat color.

Coat:
  • Coat is short, dense, and plush.

  • Eighteen colors are available including white, black, cream, black smoke, blue smoke, tabby patterns, tortoiseshell, calico, blue-cream and bi-color.

Health and Wellness:
  • Genetically linked physical problems have not been reported.

What you should know:
  • Dislike being picked up unless body and all four feet are well supported.

  • Since blue is the most popular color, there may be a waiting period before a kitten of this color is available.

  • Choose a kitten from a reputable breeder who has raised your kitten under foot (not in a cage) to ensure your pet will be easy to handle and people-oriented.

read less

Cao De Serra De Aires

Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • ...
read more
Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • Placid, no-nonsense nature.

  • Very hardy, healthy breed.

History:

Breed was originally introduced to England by the Romans.  When Rome fell and trade with Britain ceased, cats on the British Isles bred within a limited gene pool, resulting in cats with unique characteristics.  The breed almost became extinct during World War II, but outcrossing with Persians helped to re-establish the breed.  Considered a rare cat in the United States until 1980 when they were recognized for championship by the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA).

Body Type:
  • Medium- to large-sized, well-balanced cat with a broad chest and powerful body.

  • Head is round with full cheeks and medium-sized, round-tipped ears.

  • Eyes are large, round, and correspond to coat color.

Coat:
  • Coat is short, dense, and plush.

  • Eighteen colors are available including white, black, cream, black smoke, blue smoke, tabby patterns, tortoiseshell, calico, blue-cream and bi-color.

Health and Wellness:
  • Genetically linked physical problems have not been reported.

What you should know:
  • Dislike being picked up unless body and all four feet are well supported.

  • Since blue is the most popular color, there may be a waiting period before a kitten of this color is available.

  • Choose a kitten from a reputable breeder who has raised your kitten under foot (not in a cage) to ensure your pet will be easy to handle and people-oriented.

read less

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Other names/Nicknames:
  • Ci Llathaid (meaning Yard-Long Dog)

Country/Date of origin:
  • ...
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Other names/Nicknames:
  • Ci Llathaid (meaning Yard-Long Dog)

Country/Date of origin:
  • Great Britain

  • 1200′s

Height:
  • 10 to 12 inches at shoulder

Weight:
  • 25 to 38 pounds

Personality:
  • Bright and alert but only moderately active.

  • Intelligent and very willing to please.

  • Easily trained.

  • Playful nature.

  • Good watchdog.

  • Reserved with strangers.

History:

In the Cardiganshire region of Wales, the Corgi with a tail has been the all-around farm dog for centuries.  It is an excellent cattle drover and vermin router. Although it has been interbred with the Pembroke Corgi since the 19th century, it does not have the same ancestors.  The Cardigan has Dachshunds and farm Collies in its background, and the Pembroke descended from northern Spitz-type droving dogs.  The small size is an asset in the Corgi’s style of droving.  It nips the heels of the cows and when they kick in retaliation, it drops to the ground to avoid the flying heels.  The little dog is fearless, seemingly unaware that it is so small.  The first Corgis were shown in Britain in 1925, with both types in a single class.  In 1934, the two varieties were separated for show purposes.

Body Type:
  • Sturdy looking dog whose body is long in relationship to its height.

  • The tail is long, bushy, and carried low.  It is never altered.

  • The ears are large, erect, and wide set.  They are not altered.

  • The Cardigan’s ears are set wider, are more rounded, and larger than the Pembroke’s.

  • Dogs may have one or two pale blue eyes in the merle coloring.

Coat:
  • The dense, harsh, medium-length coat lies close to the body.

  • Permissible colors are red, sable, brindle, blue merle, or black with or without tan or blue brindle points.

  • All colors usually with white markings.

  • Requires little coat care.

Health and Wellness:
  • Hip dysplasia.

  • von Willebrand’s disease.

  • Dystocia.

  • Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD).

  • Idiopathic epilepsy.

  • Atopy.

  • Food allergy.

What you should know:
  • The Corgi with a tail is much more difficult to find than the tailless Pembroke.

  • Does well in an apartment.

  • Owners often have two Cardigans so they can amuse themselves when left alone.

Other names/Nicknames:
  • Ci Llathaid (meaning Yard-Long Dog)

Country/Date of origin:
  • Great Britain

  • 1200′s

Height:
  • 10 to 12 inches at shoulder

Weight:
  • 25 to 38 pounds

Personality:
  • Bright and alert but only moderately active.

  • Intelligent and very willing to please.

  • Easily trained.

  • Playful nature.

  • Good watchdog.

  • Reserved with strangers.

History:

In the Cardiganshire region of Wales, the Corgi with a tail has been the all-around farm dog for centuries.  It is an excellent cattle drover and vermin router. Although it has been interbred with the Pembroke Corgi since the 19th century, it does not have the same ancestors.  The Cardigan has Dachshunds and farm Collies in its background, and the Pembroke descended from northern Spitz-type droving dogs.  The small size is an asset in the Corgi’s style of droving.  It nips the heels of the cows and when they kick in retaliation, it drops to the ground to avoid the flying heels.  The little dog is fearless, seemingly unaware that it is so small.  The first Corgis were shown in Britain in 1925, with both types in a single class.  In 1934, the two varieties were separated for show purposes.

Body Type:
  • Sturdy looking dog whose body is long in relationship to its height.

  • The tail is long, bushy, and carried low.  It is never altered.

  • The ears are large, erect, and wide set.  They are not altered.

  • The Cardigan’s ears are set wider, are more rounded, and larger than the Pembroke’s.

  • Dogs may have one or two pale blue eyes in the merle coloring.

Coat:
  • The dense, harsh, medium-length coat lies close to the body.

  • Permissible colors are red, sable, brindle, blue merle, or black with or without tan or blue brindle points.

  • All colors usually with white markings.

  • Requires little coat care.

Health and Wellness:
  • Hip dysplasia.

  • von Willebrand’s disease.

  • Dystocia.

  • Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD).

  • Idiopathic epilepsy.

  • Atopy.

  • Food allergy.

What you should know:
  • The Corgi with a tail is much more difficult to find than the tailless Pembroke.

  • Does well in an apartment.

  • Owners often have two Cardigans so they can amuse themselves when left alone.

read less

Catahoula Leopard Dog

Other names/Nicknames:
  • Catahoula Hog Dog

  • Texas Leopard Cowdog

  • Blue Leopard Dog

...
read more
Other names/Nicknames:
  • Catahoula Hog Dog

  • Texas Leopard Cowdog

  • Blue Leopard Dog

Country/Date of origin:
  • United States

  • 1500′s

Height:
  • 20 to 26 inches

Weight:
  • 45 to 80 pounds

Personality:
  • A one-person or one-family dog.

  • Very protective.

  • Tendency to dominate.

History:

The ancestor of this breed, with the haunting glass-blue eyes, may have been brought to the United States by Spanish explorers.  Legend has it that the Indians in the area took dogs left behind when the Conquistadors left, and bred them with the red wolf (though this is conjecture).  At any rate, the breeding activity has always been centered around the Catahoula Lakes in the parish of the same name in Louisiana.  Both a hunting dog and a herder, the Catahoula is tough enough to herd semi-wild cattle or wild boar into a capture pen and a good enough tracker to hunt down deer or raccoon.  It is categorized as a Herding dog by the associations where it is recognized.  In 1979 it was named the state dog of Louisiana.

Body Type:
  • A compact, hound-type dog.

  • The long tail is carried low and is not altered.

  • The hanging ears are not altered.

  • Has webbed feet.

  • The eyes may be different colors.

  • Glass-blue eyes are one of the breed’s hallmarks.

Coat:
  • Short and dense.

  • Any and all colors, including solid, leopard, and patchwork are permitted.

  • The markings create a spotted pattern.

  • Minimal grooming required.

Health and Wellness:
  • Generally robust.

What you should know:
  • Known for their athletic ability.

  • Catahoulas can climb fences with ease and have even been known to climb trees.

  • Obedience training is required in order to keep the upper hand.

  • Once found only in its area of origin, this breed is gaining in popularity and puppies can now be located throughout North America and other countries, including South Africa.

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Caucasian Owtcharka

Other names/Nicknames:
  • Kavkazskaja Ovtjarka

  • Caucasian Mountain Dog

Country/Date of...
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Other names/Nicknames:
  • Kavkazskaja Ovtjarka

  • Caucasian Mountain Dog

Country/Date of origin:
  • Russia

  • 1700′s

Height:
  • 24 to 33 inches

  • Many are bigger

Weight:
  • 110 to 160 pounds

Personality:
  • Fierce, strong, guard dog.

  • Loyal and gentle to its family.

  • Suspicious and aggressive toward strangers.

  • Intelligent and easily trained.

  • Very quarrelsome with other dogs.

History:

This is a large, aggressive, livestock-guarding dog that originated in the Armenian and Azerbaijani republics, and the steppe areas of the Caucasus Mountains.  These dogs were used for herding, guarding, and sometimes fighting.  They could be relied upon to protect the flocks from wolves and robbers and were left on their own to perform this function.  In more recent times, they have been used to keep prisoners from leaving gulags and have proven to be excellent military guard dogs.

Body Type:
  • Typical of the large, livestock-guarding breeds.

  • The long, unaltered tail is carried low and is heavily plumed.

  • The ears are cropped short, and they look as if they were torn rather than cut.

Coat:
  • A thick, double coat that is water resistant.

  • Coat can be long or semi long depending on the region the dog comes from.

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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Other names/Nicknames:
  • Ruby Spaniel

  • Blenheim Spaniel

Country/Date of origin:
  • ...
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Other names/Nicknames:
  • Ruby Spaniel

  • Blenheim Spaniel

Country/Date of origin:
  • England

  • 20th century

Height:
  • 12 to 13 inches

Weight:
  • 13 to 18 pounds

Personality:
  • A merry, upbeat personality.

  • Friendly and affectionate even to strangers.

  • Good with other pets.

  • Craves attention, to the point of being pesty.

History:

The history of this breed and the English Toy Spaniel are inexorably intertwined.  It is thought that the original Toy Spaniel, so favored by the English kings and queens, was a long muzzled variety similar to the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.  However, in the 19th century breeders began to fancy a more pushed-in muzzle and domed head, and the old type disappeared.  In 1926, an American fancier, Roswell Eldridge, offered cash prizes for any Toy Spaniel breeders who could produce the old nosey-type dog again.  Through selective breeding, using only Toy Spaniel stock, the original dog was recreated.  It was carefully guarded and stabilized by the Cavalier Club in England and the United States.  For many years they refused to relinquish control of the stud book to the American Kennel Club (AKC). However, in 1995, the breed was included.

Body Type:
  • A small spaniel of soft demeanor.

  • Hanging ears are heavily fringed and not altered.

  • Long tail is not altered.

Coat:
  • Moderately long, very thick, and wavy but not curly.

  • Ears and feet are especially heavily coated.

  • Four color variations are allowed:  Ruby—a solid, ruby red; Black and Tan—a black body with tan points; Blenheim—a white, ground coat with patches of red chestnut (a blaze of white extending up the forehead and ending in a loop, with a chestnut dot in the center, is required for this color); and Tri-color—which is a white, ground dog with black patches and tan spots over the eyes, on the muzzle, chest, and legs (the ears and vent should also be lined with tan).

  • Moderate grooming.

Health and Wellness:
  • Relatively healthy breed.

  • Hip dysplasia.

  • Diabetes mellitus.

  • Mitral insufficiency.

What you should know:
  • The most popular color is Blenheim.  Tri-colors closely rival it.

  • The Black and Tan and the Ruby varieties are hard to find.

  • Prices are high for good specimens.

  • A born again breed.  It has been restored to its original type through careful, selective breeding of English Toy Spaniels.  The breed type became fixed again in the 1930′s.

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Bulldog

Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • ...
read more
Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • Placid, no-nonsense nature.

  • Very hardy, healthy breed.

History:

Breed was originally introduced to England by the Romans.  When Rome fell and trade with Britain ceased, cats on the British Isles bred within a limited gene pool, resulting in cats with unique characteristics.  The breed almost became extinct during World War II, but outcrossing with Persians helped to re-establish the breed.  Considered a rare cat in the United States until 1980 when they were recognized for championship by the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA).

Body Type:
  • Medium- to large-sized, well-balanced cat with a broad chest and powerful body.

  • Head is round with full cheeks and medium-sized, round-tipped ears.

  • Eyes are large, round, and correspond to coat color.

Coat:
  • Coat is short, dense, and plush.

  • Eighteen colors are available including white, black, cream, black smoke, blue smoke, tabby patterns, tortoiseshell, calico, blue-cream and bi-color.

Health and Wellness:
  • Genetically linked physical problems have not been reported.

What you should know:
  • Dislike being picked up unless body and all four feet are well supported.

  • Since blue is the most popular color, there may be a waiting period before a kitten of this color is available.

  • Choose a kitten from a reputable breeder who has raised your kitten under foot (not in a cage) to ensure your pet will be easy to handle and people-oriented.

read less

Canaan Dog

Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • ...
read more
Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • Placid, no-nonsense nature.

  • Very hardy, healthy breed.

History:

Breed was originally introduced to England by the Romans.  When Rome fell and trade with Britain ceased, cats on the British Isles bred within a limited gene pool, resulting in cats with unique characteristics.  The breed almost became extinct during World War II, but outcrossing with Persians helped to re-establish the breed.  Considered a rare cat in the United States until 1980 when they were recognized for championship by the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA).

Body Type:
  • Medium- to large-sized, well-balanced cat with a broad chest and powerful body.

  • Head is round with full cheeks and medium-sized, round-tipped ears.

  • Eyes are large, round, and correspond to coat color.

Coat:
  • Coat is short, dense, and plush.

  • Eighteen colors are available including white, black, cream, black smoke, blue smoke, tabby patterns, tortoiseshell, calico, blue-cream and bi-color.

Health and Wellness:
  • Genetically linked physical problems have not been reported.

What you should know:
  • Dislike being picked up unless body and all four feet are well supported.

  • Since blue is the most popular color, there may be a waiting period before a kitten of this color is available.

  • Choose a kitten from a reputable breeder who has raised your kitten under foot (not in a cage) to ensure your pet will be easy to handle and people-oriented.

read less

Bullmastiff

Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • ...
read more
Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • Placid, no-nonsense nature.

  • Very hardy, healthy breed.

History:

Breed was originally introduced to England by the Romans.  When Rome fell and trade with Britain ceased, cats on the British Isles bred within a limited gene pool, resulting in cats with unique characteristics.  The breed almost became extinct during World War II, but outcrossing with Persians helped to re-establish the breed.  Considered a rare cat in the United States until 1980 when they were recognized for championship by the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA).

Body Type:
  • Medium- to large-sized, well-balanced cat with a broad chest and powerful body.

  • Head is round with full cheeks and medium-sized, round-tipped ears.

  • Eyes are large, round, and correspond to coat color.

Coat:
  • Coat is short, dense, and plush.

  • Eighteen colors are available including white, black, cream, black smoke, blue smoke, tabby patterns, tortoiseshell, calico, blue-cream and bi-color.

Health and Wellness:
  • Genetically linked physical problems have not been reported.

What you should know:
  • Dislike being picked up unless body and all four feet are well supported.

  • Since blue is the most popular color, there may be a waiting period before a kitten of this color is available.

  • Choose a kitten from a reputable breeder who has raised your kitten under foot (not in a cage) to ensure your pet will be easy to handle and people-oriented.

read less

Cairn Terrier

Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • ...
read more
Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • Placid, no-nonsense nature.

  • Very hardy, healthy breed.

History:

Breed was originally introduced to England by the Romans.  When Rome fell and trade with Britain ceased, cats on the British Isles bred within a limited gene pool, resulting in cats with unique characteristics.  The breed almost became extinct during World War II, but outcrossing with Persians helped to re-establish the breed.  Considered a rare cat in the United States until 1980 when they were recognized for championship by the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA).

Body Type:
  • Medium- to large-sized, well-balanced cat with a broad chest and powerful body.

  • Head is round with full cheeks and medium-sized, round-tipped ears.

  • Eyes are large, round, and correspond to coat color.

Coat:
  • Coat is short, dense, and plush.

  • Eighteen colors are available including white, black, cream, black smoke, blue smoke, tabby patterns, tortoiseshell, calico, blue-cream and bi-color.

Health and Wellness:
  • Genetically linked physical problems have not been reported.

What you should know:
  • Dislike being picked up unless body and all four feet are well supported.

  • Since blue is the most popular color, there may be a waiting period before a kitten of this color is available.

  • Choose a kitten from a reputable breeder who has raised your kitten under foot (not in a cage) to ensure your pet will be easy to handle and people-oriented.

read less

Burmese

Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • ...
read more
Personality:
  • Reserved, but become devoted pets after overcoming initial shyness.

  • Placid, no-nonsense nature.

  • Very hardy, healthy breed.

History:

Breed was originally introduced to England by the Romans.  When Rome fell and trade with Britain ceased, cats on the British Isles bred within a limited gene pool, resulting in cats with unique characteristics.  The breed almost became extinct during World War II, but outcrossing with Persians helped to re-establish the breed.  Considered a rare cat in the United States until 1980 when they were recognized for championship by the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA).

Body Type:
  • Medium- to large-sized, well-balanced cat with a broad chest and powerful body.

  • Head is round with full cheeks and medium-sized, round-tipped ears.

  • Eyes are large, round, and correspond to coat color.

Coat:
  • Coat is short, dense, and plush.

  • Eighteen colors are available including white, black, cream, black smoke, blue smoke, tabby patterns, tortoiseshell, calico, blue-cream and bi-color.

Health and Wellness:
  • Genetically linked physical problems have not been reported.

What you should know:
  • Dislike being picked up unless body and all four feet are well supported.

  • Since blue is the most popular color, there may be a waiting period before a kitten of this color is available.

  • Choose a kitten from a reputable breeder who has raised your kitten under foot (not in a cage) to ensure your pet will be easy to handle and people-oriented.

read less

Chihuahua (Longhaired)

Other names/Nicknames:
  • None

Country/Date of origin:
  • Mexico

  • 1800′s

Height:
  • 6...

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Other names/Nicknames:
  • None

Country/Date of origin:
  • Mexico

  • 1800′s

Height:
  • 6 to 9 inches

Weight:
  • 2 to 6 pounds

Personality:
  • The ultimate lap dog.

  • Bred to be a charming companion, the Chihuahua is extremely affectionate toward those it considers family.

  • Reserved with strangers.

  • Temperamental.

  • Easily trained for the most part.

  • Difficult to housebreak.

History:

The origins of the Chihuahua are not known.  The modern dog was, however, discovered in Mexico’s Chihuahua state in 1850.  Most of today’s dogs are descended from the original 50 taken to the United States.  Evidence in stone carvings of the Toltec people firmly establishes the Chihuahua was in Mexico in the ninth or tenth century.  Written records also indicate the dog was important in the religious and mythological life of the later Aztecs.  Chihuahuas may be longhaired or smooth-coated.  The smooth coat is considered to be the original variety.  The longhaired dogs were created in the early 20th century possibly by crossing with longhaired toy breeds such as the Papillon and Pomeranian.

Body Type:
  • A sturdy breed but exceedingly tiny.

  • Anything over six pounds is disqualified.

  • Erect, wide-set ears are not altered.

  • Gently-curved tail (called a sickle tail) held erect but not over back.  It is not altered.

Coat:
  • In the smooth-coated variety the hair is short, soft, and glossy.  The hair is longer around the neck creating a ruff.

  • All colors and combinations of colors are allowed.

  • Mexican fanciers favor a jet black dog with tan markings, or a black and white spotted one.

  • Solid color dogs are preferred in the United States.

  • Minimal grooming.

Health and Wellness:
  • Pulmonic stenosis.

  • Patent ductus arteriosis.

  • Juvenile hypoglycemia.

  • Hydrocephalus.

  • Cryptorchidism.

  • Patellar luxation.

  • Atlantoaxial subluxation.

  • Collapsing trachea.

  • Demodicosis.

  • Cushing’s disease (PDH).

  • Mitral insufficiency.

What you should know:
  • According to the Guinness Book of Records, the Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog.  One full-grown specimen weighed in at ten ounces.

  • Sensitive to cold, Chihuahuas shiver a lot.  They also shake when excited or nervous.

  • Low exercise requirements make them ideal for apartments and older people.

  • Long-lived breed.

  • High-pitched bark.  They will keep up an alarm until you investigate, making them an excellent alarm system.

  • Chihuahuas recognize and prefer their own kind.  However, they get along beautifully with other breeds of dogs if properly introduced or raised together.

  • Majority are wonderful with cats.

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Cesky Terrier

Other names/Nicknames:
  • Bohemian Terrier

Country/Date of origin:
  • Czechoslovakia

  • ...
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Other names/Nicknames:
  • Bohemian Terrier

Country/Date of origin:
  • Czechoslovakia

  • 1940′s

Height:
  • 10 to 12 inches

Weight:
  • 16 to 20 pounds

Personality:
  • Extremely loyal to its owner.

  • A good watchdog.

  • Good-natured and obedient.

History:

This breed was developed by the Czechoslovakian geneticist, Frantisek Horak after World War II.  A devoted hunter, he began by crossing Scottish Terriers with Sealyham Terriers in order to produce a hunting terrier that was lighter in build than the original breeds and that had the same enthusiasm to go-to-ground.  The breed was officially recognized by the Czech Kennel Club in 1963.  Though the breed was met with interest abroad, exporting a dog from behind the Iron Curtain was so difficult in the 1970′s that the breed remained largely in its native land.  It is now popular in many of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) countries and is making in-roads in the United States, where it is shown in the American Rare Breed Association shows.

Body Type:
  • A typical go-to-ground terrier with a long head, large nose, and strong jaws.

  • A solidly-built dog of substance, but not coarse or heavy.

  • The body is medium long, and longer than the dog is tall.

  • The medium-length tail is not docked and is carried low.

  • The ears are pendulous, not too low set, and are never altered.

Coat:
  • The coat should be soft, thick, slightly wavy, and have a healthy shine.

  • Eyebrows and beard are fine and silky.  They are a breed hallmark.

  • Non-shedding.

  • Unlike most other terriers, the coat is clipped, not stripped.

  • The color should be bluish gray or, very rarely, light brown with or without pale cream or beige tan markings.

  • Moderate grooming is required.

Health and Wellness:
  • A very robust little dog.

What you should know:
  • Pronounced ches-kee.

  • A rare quality is the pastel coloring of the coat.

  • Puppies are born black (for blue-grey dogs) or deep chocolate brown (for light brown).

  • Adapts easily to new situations and is not overly aggressive.

  • Gets along well with other pets.

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Chart Polski

Other names/Nicknames:
  • Polish Greyhound

Country/Date of origin:
  • Poland

  • 1600′s

...
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Other names/Nicknames:
  • Polish Greyhound

Country/Date of origin:
  • Poland

  • 1600′s

Height:
  • 27 to 32 inches

Weight:
  • 60 to 70 pounds

Personality:
  • Normally reserved with strangers.

  • Good-tempered with family members.

  • Obedient and loyal.

History:

This ancient breed is the Polish variation of the Greyhound.  It was used by the Polish nobility to hunt wolf, hare and fox.  It came close to extinction during World Wars I and II, but did survive and increased in numbers in the eastern regions of Poland.  In the 1980′s, interest in the breed was revived and it became recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1992.  The big, sight hound is very rarely seen outside of Poland.

Body Type:
  • Resembles a Greyhound in its appearance.

  • The long tail is carried low and is not altered.

  • The small, rose ears cling tightly to the neck and are not altered.

Coat:
  • Carries more coat than most of the shorthaired Greyhounds.

  • The Chart coat is thick, shiny, and springy to the touch.  It is longer over the hindquarters and on the tail.

  • All colors are permitted.

  • Minimal grooming required.

Health and Wellness:
  • Subject to bloat.

  • May suffer from muscle injuries.

What you should know:
  • Known for its speed and endurance, this dog will need lots of exercise.

  • Will be very difficult to obtain.

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Chartreux

Personality:
  • Dog-like in their devotion and behavior.

  • Sensitive and supportive to...

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Personality:
  • Dog-like in their devotion and behavior.

  • Sensitive and supportive to their humans.

  • Despite bulk, these cats love to perform aerial acrobatics.

  • Some are voiceless.

History:

Legend states that this cat rounded Cape Horn with Crusaders returning to France.  The cats took residence in the monastery of the Carthusian monks during the 17th century.  The breed almost became extinct during World War II but was saved by the preservation of four Chartreux families on an island off the coast of France.  Accepted for championship in the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) in 1987.

Body Type:
  • Husky, robust physique with substantial bone and refined, dense muscling.

  • Legs are slender and feet may appear petite in comparison to body.

  • Head is round with full cheeks, erect ears, and a straight nose.

  • Eyes are rounded with colors ranging from gold to the preferred brilliant orange.

Coat:
  • Double coat is medium short with a slightly woolly texture.

  • Blue gray with silver tips.

Health and Wellness:
  • Since there are only four families of Chartreux left in the world, the gene pool for Chartreux is very limited.

  • Although some cats have kinked tails or white lockets of hair, these defects do not affect the well being of the cat.  These defects are grounds for disqualification in the show ring.

What you should know:
  • Considered a rare breed.

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Chesapeake Bay Retriever

Other names/Nicknames:
  • Chessie

Country/Date of origin:
  • United States

  • 1800′s

...
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Other names/Nicknames:
  • Chessie

Country/Date of origin:
  • United States

  • 1800′s

Height:
  • Females:  21 to 24 inches

  • Males:  23 to 26 inches

Weight:
  • Females:  55 to 70 pounds

  • Males:  65 to 80 pounds

     
Personality:
  • Craves personal attention.

  • A loyal and devoted companion.

  • Tends to be sharper than its sister breeds, Labrador and Golden Retrievers.

History:

This breed originated in the United States in 1807 from a pair of Newfoundland puppies that were rescued from a shipwreck off the coast of Maryland.  No one knows which dogs were crossed with the original two but the result was a water fowling dog, capable of heavy-duty work in cold water.  Considered the best duck retriever of all time, the Chesapeake Bay Retriever ruled the blinds for 150 years, fetching as many as 300 ducks a day from the icy water.  The days of plentiful game are gone, but the Chessie’s companionable qualities have kept the breed alive.

Body Type:
  • A big, powerful, water retriever with the general size and shape of the Labrador and Golden Retrievers.

  • Thick, tapered tail is not altered.

  • Hanging ears are not altered.

Coat:
  • A wavy, double coat.  Coat is harsh and oily on the surface with a woolly, insulating undercoat that prevents water from reaching the skin.

  • The water resisting oil gives the Chessie a strong, distinctive odor.

  • Coat colors range from a deep brown to a light tan called dead grass.  These colors were chosen for camouflaging qualities.

Health and Wellness:
  • Hip dysplasia.

  • Gastric dilatation and volvulus syndrome (GDV, also commonly called bloat).

  • Entropion.

  • Metabolic bone disease.

  • von Willebrand’s disease.

  • Cataracts.

  • Atopy.

  • Bacterial folliculitis.

What you should know:
  • Feet are webbed on this water retriever.

  • High intelligence, willingness to work, and great stamina have made Chessies useful as guide dogs for the blind.

  • Has a stubborn streak.

  • Not suitable for apartment living.

  • This is an outdoor dog.

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16367 South FM 4,

Santo, TX 76472

Phone. 940-769-2222

Fax. 866-632-3365

Email. texaswestvet@gmail.com