Country/Date of origin:
- Great Britain
- Females: 18 to 21 inches
- Males: 19 to 22 inches
- 30 to 44 pounds
- One-person dogs that are intensely loyal and protective.
- Super intelligent and trainable.
- Does not tend to wander and doesn’t like owner to wander off property either.
- Reserved with strangers
- Needs room to run.
- Becomes hyperactive if not give exercise daily.
The early history of England’s working-stock dog is obscure. It is known that it was in its present form by the 18th century. This is a breed that is first and foremost a working animal. Although it was a pet in Victorian England, most of the bloodlines were selectively bred for herding abilities and intelligence rather than looks. In the sheep-raising countries of Australia and New Zealand, it reigns supreme in both numbers and prestige. In 1995, it was accepted for registry in the American Kennel Club (AKC) stud books.
- A medium-sized, working dog that is slightly longer than it is tall.
- The long tail, carried low, is not altered.
- Semi-erect or erect ears are not altered.
- Medium-length, double coat is water resistant.
- Coat is longer around the neck forming a ruff.
- Allowed colors are black, blue, chocolate, red, blue merle, black and tan, with or without white markings. White, however, should not predominate.
- Moderate grooming required.
Health and Wellness:
- Hip dysplasia.
- Congenital deafness.
- Collie-eye anomaly.
- Progressive retinal atrophy.
What you should know:
- The superstar of obedience competitions, it seems to know what you want even before you do.
- This breed tends to nip at heels of joggers and cyclists. It also challenges cars, a trait that gets it into trouble from time to time.
- Most of the billion sheep in the world are watched over by Border Collies. It is the working sheepdog of choice almost everywhere.