Fila Brasileiro

Other names/Nicknames:
  • Brazilian Mastiff
Country/Date of origin:
  • Brazil
  • 1800′s
  • 24 to 30 inches
  • 100 pounds minimum
  • Characterized by an intense loyalty to its master.
  • Territorial and will guard its property without being told.
  • Aggressive towards strangers.

The Fila developed as an all-around, working dog on the great cattle estancias of Brazil.  They descend from Portuguese herding dogs that were introduced in colonial times, English Mastiffs, old-style Bulldogs, and Bloodhounds.  This resulted in a tough, bold guardian that can also hunt jaguar, drive cattle, and act as a tracker in police work.  Still little known outside of its native Brazil, the Fila has a reputation for being fierce.  It is banned in England under the Dangerous Dogs Act.

Body Type:
  • A robust, short-coated dog of the Mastiff type.
  • Ears are triangular and hang flat against the face.
  • Tail is moderately long and not altered.
  • The Bloodhound influence is evident in heavy dewlap and pronounced lip flews.
  • Hind legs are longer than the forelegs, giving the dog the appearance of going downhill when it is standing.
  • Short, dense, and harsh to the touch.
  • All colors and combination of colors allowed with the exception of solid white.
  • Brindle is the most common.
  • Low grooming requirements.
Health and Wellness:
  • Hip dysplasia.
  • Bloat.
  • Bone cancer.
  • Heart problems.
What you should know:
  • Call these dogs Fee-luh in the Brazilian manner.
  • This is too much dog for the average person.
  • Bold, aggressive, and dominant, the Fila will walk all over an owner if given an inch.
  • Professional obedience lessons are a must to get a puppy under control.
  • Many insurance companies will not provide you with liability coverage if you own a Fila.  Check with your insurance agent before purchasing a puppy.
  • Filas should be protected from dognappers who could steal them for use in pit fights.
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