Jack Russell Terrie

Other names/Nicknames:
  • Parson Jack Russell Terrier
  • Hunt Terrier
Country/Date of origin:
  • England
  • 1700′s
  • 10 to 13 inches
  • 11 to 15 pounds
  • The quintessential terrier.
  • Alert, active, and feisty.
  • Noisy.
  • Always ready for a romp.
  • As a pack hunter, it tends to get along well with other dogs, although it seems to relish a good scrap from time to time.
  • Jack Russells have so much hunting instinct they are difficult to train in basic obedience.
  • They mean well but they are just so busy they can’t spare the time it takes to pay attention to you.

This is the working terrier.  For 250 years it has been the dog of choice of masters of Foxhounds and serious terrier men.  The breed was already well established when Parson John Russell (1795-1883) popularized them.  Everything about the Jack Russell is designed with fox hunting in mind.  In short, where the fox can go, the Jack Russell must be able to go.  The color is a white ground so that Foxhounds can distinguish the dogs from the dark colored fox or badger when they emerge from the dens.  The Jack Russell has the necessary courage, intelligence, and determination to do its job.  It is the working cousin to the more gentrified Fox Terrier that one sees in shows.

Body Type:
  • A rugged, well-balanced, rather small, go-to-ground terrier.
  • Button ears are not altered.
  • Tail is docked.
  • Coat may be smooth, broken, or rough.
  • Color should be predominantly white, with tan, black, or brown markings.
  • Moderate grooming.
  • These terriers are not prettied-up for shows.
Health and Wellness:
  • Congenital deafness.
  • Myasthenia gravis.
  • Legg-Perthes disease.
  • Patella luxation.
  • Atopy.
  • Demodicosis.
What you should know:
  • Although it is not registered in either the American Kennel Club (AKC) or the United Kennel Club (UKC), the Jack Russell is extremely popular in the United States.
  • It is a wonderful little terrier that has a special affinity for horses.
  • Type varies widely from longer-legged roughs to short-legged smooths.
  • The physical type is not fixed, but nobody seems to care as long as they can do their job underground.
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